Outlines the steps the creator has to perform to make the object.
Instructions are either numbered or use temporal or sequential connectives (e.g. first, second, finally, now, next, then).
Instructions are given in imperative form using precise action verbs (e.g. use, glue, stitch, cut).
Technical nouns or subject-specific terminology is explained (e.g. ‘bullethead nail’, ‘gauge’, ‘sit proud’).
Expanded noun groups provide details of ingredients/materials/ equipment (e.g. ‘top of inside piece of timber ‘, ‘outside piece of timber’ ‘halfway to the thickness of the other timber, ‘right angle of the bench’, ‘excess glue’).
Inclusion of adverbs or prepositional phrases to express details of how, when, where, extent (e.g. ‘into outside piece of timber’, ‘into the vice’, ‘through the outside piece of timber into the inside piece of timber’,’ approximately 10 mm away from edge’, ‘squarely’, ‘tightly’).
- Put on apron.
- Put glue on parts of wood that are going to be joined. Extra glue is needed on end-grain.
- Hammer two nails into outside piece of timber, approximately 10 mm away from edge. Nails should sit proud of timber (sticking through slightly).
- Tightly secure inside piece into the vice. Align top of inside piece of timber with the bench.
- Place outside piece of timber squarely over the inside piece of timber. Use fingers to feel that the pieces of timber are square.
- Hammer nails through the outside piece of timber into the inside piece of timber.
- Check to make sure two pieces are touching (join is compressed).
- Wipe away excess glue.
|Troubleshooting / Advice|
Provides a list of common problems creators might encounter and offers solutions to the identified problems.
- Use rag to keep work area clean.
- Hold hammer near the end of the handle.
- Blunt nails before hammering through timber to prevent splitting.
- Clean up glue after completing the join as to prevent wood turning grey.